Birth Control Pills
The Pill is the most popular type of birth control. There are many different brands and they come in packs of 21 or 28 pills. One pill is taken every day. The first 21-24 pills have a combination of synthetic estrogen and progesterone hormones. The Pill stops ovulation, preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. The Pill also thickens cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to enter the uterus. The hormones in the Pill prevent fertilization. The last 4-7 pills of a 28-day pack have no hormones and are called spacer pills. The Pill is 92-99.7% effective as birth control. It does not protect against reproductive tract infections, including HIV/AIDs.
The Mirena IUD is an estrogen free intrauterine contraceptive that delivers small amounts of hormone directly to the uterus. Mirena is made of soft flexible, plastic. Mirena virtually eliminates the worry of unplanned pregnancy, it is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy and lasts for up to 5 years or less if you choose. It provides a lower and steadier dose of hormones than the pill and can be easily removed when you want and you can become pregnant right away. The IUD blocks sperm from reaching your egg. The hormone makes the lining of your uterus thin resulting in less menstrual bleeding over time.
The ParaGard IUD is a hormone free intrauterine device that contains no hormones. The ParaGard is flexible and T shaped with copper on both of the arms and stem of the T. The T is made of flexible plastic material. The ParaGard must be replaced every 10 years.
Nexplanon is a flexible plastic rod the size of a matchstick that is put under the skin of your arm in an in-office procedure. The birth control lasts up to 3 years. Nexplanon is more than 99% effective. Most women can’t see Nexplanon after insertion, but you should be able to feel where it is by gently pressing on your skin in the area where it was inserted.
Trusted by hundreds of thousands of women and their doctors for over five years, Essure is a permanent birth control procedure that works with your body to create a natural barrier against pregnancy. This gentle procedure can be performed in a doctor’s office in less than 10 minutes. Essure is covered by most insurance providers, and if the Essure procedure is performed in a doctor’s office, depending on your specific insurance plan, payment may be as low as a simple co-pay.
Essure offers women:
- No surgery, burning or anesthesia
- No hormones
- No slowing down to recover
- Performed in less than 10 minutes
- Peace of mind – your doctor can confirm when you can rely on Essure for birth control
- Trusted by hundreds of thousands of women and doctors for over five years
With Essure, you’ll never have to worry about unplanned pregnancy again. Essure is 99.8% effective with zero pregnancies*, making it the most effective form of permanent birth control available.
There are many birth control options available today. Oral contraceptives (the Pill) is one of those options, proven to be over 99% effective when used correctly. Many women differ in their response to oral contraceptives depending upon their menses type (light flow, moderate flow, heavy flow), their body type (underweight, normal weight, overweight) and their ovarian hormone sensitivity (estrogen-sensitive, androgen-sensitive, progesterone-sensitive). When choosing an oral contraceptive, consult with your doctor to find one that’s tailored to meet your individual needs.
A condom is a barrier device most commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases (STDs—such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV). Condoms physically blocks ejaculated semen from entering the body of a sexual partner.
The birth control shot is an injection of a hormone that prevents pregnancy. Each shot prevents pregnancy for three months. The shot is also known by the brand name Depo-Provera, or by the name of the medicine in the shot, DMPA. Like other methods of birth control, the birth control shot releases a hormone — progestin — into the body. Hormones are chemicals made in our bodies. They control how different parts of our bodies work. The progestin in the shot works by keeping a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs — ovulation. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with sperm. The progestin in the shot also prevents pregnancy by thickening a woman’s cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg. The hormone also thins the lining of the uterus. In theory, this could prevent pregnancy by keeping a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus.